Dehydrated vs. Dry Skin

Did you guys know that there is a difference between dehydrated and dry skin, and you might be surprised to learn that your “dry” skin might actually be dehydrated. While dry skin lacks oil, dehydrated skin lacks moisture.

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Dry Skin

Dry skin tends to be permanent and is widely considered a skin type. If you have dry skin most likely you will have dry skin everywhere on your body not just your face. People with dry skin usually are more predisposed to getting wrinkles. You can’t get rid of dry skin per-say but you can improve your skin by using the correct products. Starting with your cleanser, someone with dry skin should not use a foaming cleanser because these tend to strip your skin of natural oils; the oils that dry skin already lacks. So, instead use a milky oil based cleanser to clean and moisturize your face. Use a toner that is not drying and make sure you moisturize with a nourishing lotion and supplement further with oils that are beneficial for your skin. A diet rich in healthy fats is also great  for those with dry skin.

Dehydrated Skin

We are always told it is important to hydrate, and when you are well hydrated your skin is well hydrated. When your skin is hydrated it looks supple, your skin is less prone to getting fine lines, and wrinkles, and your cells function at an optimal level. Dehydrated skin, unlike dry skin, is a condition that can be fixed and something most people will probably experience once in their lifetime. But not drinking water sometimes is not enough.

Skin dehydration can be caused by anything that damages your skin barrier, such as over exfoliating, stress, lack of sleep, not drinking enough water, a change in season or temperature, damage caused by skincare products, etc. Anything that damages your skin barrier can lead to dehydrated skin.

The good news? you can fix dehydrated skin.  

First make sure you are drinking enough water. If you are, we can move on to the other steps.  If you are not grab a water bottle and continue reading. 

Next, Cut down on harsh exfoliating products, these maybe irritating and causing stress to your skin especially if you’re over exfoliating. Which will damage your skin barrier. 

Use a moisturizing product with humectants such as hyaluronic acid and glycerin to attract moisture to your skin. A product with ceramide, fatty acids, and one that is occlusive to promote a healthy skin barrier.

Which skin is yours?

With dry and dehydrated skin its hard to tell the difference as seen in my little chart up above but a rule of thumb is, if you have dry skin all year round you most likely have dry skin. If you suddenly wake up and have dry flaky skin, you most likely have dehydrated skin.
You can even try the pinch test.

Pinch Test 

A drip here,a drop there, conserve water with care.

Skin Barrier

Is your skin dry, dehydrated, sensitive, do you easily get fine lines and wrinkles? Did you say yes to all of the above or to only one? If your skin fills any of these characteristics than you might have a damaged moisture barrier.

What is the moisture barrier

The moisture barrier is your outermost layer of your skin it is located in the epidermis. Made up of cells and lipids the barrier protects your skin from bacteria and regulates the moisture of your skin, keeping the good things from leaving and not letting bad things get inside. The barrier also regulates inflammation.

However, a compromised skin barrier means that moisture will escape the skin leaving your skin dry and dehydrated. Not only can your skin be dry and dehydrated from a damaged barrier but sensitivity, breakouts, and wrinkles are also a sign of damage.       

Healthy Barrier

Cells are the building blocks of the human body. Your barrier is made up of cells and lipids. Below is a representation of a healthy moisture barrier. The red circle represents bacteria that wants to get inside your and wreak havoc on your skin. The blue circle represents moisture as a whole.

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  Damaged Moisture Barrier 

Below we have a representation of a damaged barrier. Our barrier now has “cracks” that allow bacteria inside and let moisture escape which leads to where we are now.

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Why might your barrier be damaged?

There are many reasons as to why your moisture barrier might be damaged.

One reason is age; when you age your moisture barrier gets worse at doing its job because lipids decrease and so your skin needs help in the form of a proper skincare routine.

Mental stress and fatigue can also damage your barrier that’s why taking time to unwind and destress is important. Make time for yourself. In today’s busy world people often forget to take care of themselves. Remember guys, your health is important.

Environmental factors can cause damage to your barrier. When the weather changes sometimes your skin cannot adjust to these changes which causes damage to your skin. When winter comes knocking on the door our indoor heating goes up which causes dry conditions and that can “cracks” in your barrier so invest in a humidifier.

Over-exfoliating can damage the barrier of your skin, that’s why you should only exfoliate a few times a week and if you know your skin can’t handle a few times then you should only exfoliate once a week.

Excessive washing and using drying cleansers cause dry skin. When you shower or bathe you should wash in lukewarm water and use soaps and cleansers that are not drying or damaging to your skin. If you cannot give up your hot showers, and I know how hard it can be, then try and cut down on the time you spend showering and. Hot water strips the skin of its natural oils so it is important not to spend a long time in hot water.

Also, remember to put on sunscreen so that your skin does not suffer from sun damage.

How to improve your moisture barrier

Now that you know that your dry skin might be because of a damaged moisture barrier, you are probably dying to find out how to help fix your barrier.

  • If showering in hot water is bad for your skin, then washing your face with hot water is also damaging. Wash your face with lukewarm water to avoid damaging your skin barrier.
    • Avoid drying cleansers and if your barrier is already compromised use moisturizing creamy cleansers.
  • Do not exfoliate every day, keep your exfoliating from one to a few times a week.
  • Pick a good moisturizer one with hyaluronic acid and glycerin is usually recommended.
  • Try moisturizing masks for that extra pick me up. This might just be your chance to try that sheet mask you’ve been eyeing.
  • Avoid products that have added fragrances.
  •  If you drink coffee, drink a cup of water right after your coffee.
  • In general drink plenty of water every day to keep your skin hydrated.

Investing in yourself is investing in the future.

 

 

 

 

Exfoliating

Exfoliating

Exfoliating is a very important step to have in your skincare routine. And just like me, many people with sensitive skin are usually too scared to exfoliate their skin. Scratch that, many people are too scared to exfoliate their skin, no matter what skin type they have and when you bring acids into the equation it becomes a no-go for many people. However, everyone should exfoliate if they want to reach their skin goals.

Physical Exfoliants

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Get this here

Before we get to the Acid Exfoliants, I would like to mention using a scrub. You can also use a more manual approach by using a scrub. A scrub usually has small particles which you massage into your skin to lift dead skin cells off the surface. My personal favorite scrub is Avalon Organics Brilliant Balance which has finely ground walnut shells and works beautifully for me. At first, I was very hesitant about buying the scrub but its hypo-allergenic and does not irritate my sensitive skin. However, I feel like it does not exfoliate as much as I would want it to. But it is a great option to try if you do not want anything too rough or as a first exfoliant product to introduce into your skincare routine.

AHA vs BHA

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AHA

AHA stands for Alpha Hydroxy Acid, which isn’t too important for us to know. What we really want to know is what AHAs can do for our skin.

AHA’s are water soluble so they are better for treating damaged skin and dry skin. They are milder and they do not penetrate as deep as BHAs so they do their magic more on the surface of your skin. AHAs are used in order to decrease signs of aging, even out skin tone, and they help with dry skin by increasing the moisture content of your skin.

Types of AHAs

  • Glycolic Acid
  • Lactic Acid
  • Mandelic Acid

BHA

BHA stands for Beta Hydroxy Acid and is usually used for the treatment of acne prone skin and oily skin. BHA can penetrate through the oil that clogs your pores and helps normalize your skin in order to control acne. BHA is great for treating blackheads and whiteheads. BHAs are an oil-loving acid which is why it is better for the treatment of acne and clearing out pores.

The one BHA

  • Salicylic acid

Bonus Question

Hey guys, I would really like to know what your favorite BHA and AHA products are or if you have a favorite scrub you like to use in your skincare routine.

Thank you for reading!

 

 

BB Crème Au Ginseng Review

Winter Blues

With the winter months rolling in my skincare routine gets thrown into chaos. As I dry up like a raisin, I am often left wondering what I should do.  With my skin being so sensitive and the harshness of New York winters I am gifted with red irritated and dry patchy skin for the holiday season.

Finally, collecting my bravery I searched the internet for a solution and finally landed on something known as BB cream. BB cream is said to offer more coverage than a tinted moisturizer but is lighter than foundation. Most BB creams boast about all the benefits that they offer and after looking through countless reviews and countless sites, I finally landed on Erborian’s BB creme au Ginseng.

The name just sounded so posh, and the reviews were amazing, I felt fancy just putting it into my shopping cart.

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Get this on

What is BB cream?

Like I said before, BB cream is somewhere between tinted moisturizer and foundation. It was first developed by a German dermatologist for people recovering from laser surgery in order to offer protection and coverage at the same time.

BB cream usually offers SPF protection as well as lots of benefits for the wearer. However, the BB cream cannot replace your skin care routine and should not. The small amount of BB cream you end up wearing is not enough to gain all the benefits a correct skin care routine can. It is also advised to still use sunscreen even with a BB cream because the protection it offers is not strong enough to fully protect your skin.

Ingredients and Review 

Looking at the list of ingredients on the bottle of BB creme au Ginseng can be a scary and confusing experience that’s why I took into my hands to explain the benefits of the top 10 ingredients and the herbal and plant ingredients in the BB cream.

  • Aqua/ Water
  • Silicones
    • Cyclomethicone – This is a silicone that is usually used in a product to coat the skin but later evaporates, it is used to carry other ingredients onto the skin and makes the product easy to apply. It leaves the skin feeling silky and plump by filling in fine lines.
    • PEG – 10 Dimethicone – Used as an emulsifier (keeps ingredients from separating).
    • Dimethicone – used as moisturizer to treat and prevent rough, dry, and scaly skin

Isoecosane –  used as a replacement for mineral oil, usually used in oil-free moisturizers.

Hexyl laurate –  used to soften the skin.

Disteardimonium – viscosity control, provides suspension for the other ingredients

Plant-based ingredients 

Ginseng root – has many phytonutrients, helps tone and brighten skin, boosts skin-firming collagen, acts as a skin whitener.

Licorice root – anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant, calms and soothes acne prone skin

Portulaca extract – helps eliminate skin problems such as dermatitis and psoriasis, eliminates wrinkles, also has antioxidant properties

Yam root extract – Used to treat dry skin by reducing flaking

Kigelia Fruit – Anti-bacterial, firms skin, and fights melanoma

Equisetum giganteum extract – Contains silicon naturally, promotes tight firm skin, minimizes the appearance of pores, tones skin, moisturizing properties, good for sensitive skin

Conclusion 

Overall, I’m pretty hyped for my purchase and I can’t wait to try it on and see what my experience will be with this product. The ingredients seem pretty safe and they won’t likely cause irritation. I am also looking forward to maybe having flawless looking skin that doesn’t look cakey or dry.